10 Steps to Naturalization

Find a general description of the naturalization application process:

  1. Determine if you are already a US citizen. If you are not a US citizen by birth or did not acquire or derive US citizenship from your parent(s) automatically after birth, go to the next step.
  2. Determine if you are eligible to become a US citizen. Review the Naturalization Eligibility Worksheet (USCIS) to help you decide if you are eligible to apply for naturalization.
  3. Prepare your Form N-400, Application for Naturalization. Collect the necessary documents to demonstrate your eligibility for naturalization. If you reside outside the United States, get two passport-style photos taken.
  4. Submit your Form N-400 and pay your fees. Once you submit Form N-400, USCIS will send you a receipt notice. You can check case processing times and your case status online.
  5. Go to your biometrics appointment, if applicable. If you need to take biometrics, USCIS will send you an appointment notice that includes your biometrics appointment date, time, and location. Arrive at the designated location at the scheduled time. Have your biometrics taken.
  6. Complete the interview. Once all the preliminary processes on your case are complete, USCIS will schedule an interview with you to complete the naturalization process. Please bring the appointment notice with you.
  7. Receive a decision from USCIS on your Form N-400. USCIS will mail a notice of decision to you.
  8. Receive a notice to take the Oath of Allegiance. USCIS will mail you a notification with the date, time, and location of your scheduled ceremony.
  9. Take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States. You are not a US citizen until you take the Oath of Allegiance at a naturalization ceremony. What to do:
  • Complete the questionnaire on Form N-445, Notice of Naturalization Oath Ceremony.
  • Report for your naturalization ceremony and check in with USCIS. A USCIS officer will review your responses to Form N-445.
  • Turn in your Permanent Resident Card (Green Card).
  • Take the Oath of Allegiance to become a US citizen.
  • Receive your Certificate of Naturalization, review it, and notify USCIS of any errors you see on your certificate before leaving the ceremony site.
  1. Understanding US citizenship. Citizenship is the common thread that connects all Americans. Check out this list of some of the most important rights and responsibilities that all citizens – both Americans by birth and by choice – should exercise, honor, and respect.